The coastal sage scrub uniquely exists along California’s coast, Baja California and islands just offshore. The plant community is dominated by shrubs similar to chaparral habitats. The main differences are that coastal sage scrub plants are much shorter and less woody compared to chaparral plants.
Scientific Name: Dudleya caespitosa
Native Habitat: Pacific coast of Baja California and southern California. Prefers well drained soils.
This succulent produces silver colored fleshy leaves that do well in sandy and dry soil. In the winter and spring, the plant sends up a flower stalk 1-2 feet tall that blooms pale yellow flowers. The Coast Dudleya is a great plant to use in any drought tolerant or rocky garden.
Scientific Name: Penstemon heterophyllus
Native Habitat: Found only in California in coastal and northern Sierra mountain ranges.
The Foothill Penstemon is a shrub found in multiple ecosystems ranging from grassland, chaparral, woodland, and forest. It produces clusters of tubular flowers that come in blue, purple, or magenta colors. The flowers attract a wide variety of pollinators, especially bees and bloom in the winter, spring, and summer.
Scientific Name: Chilopsis linearis
Native habitat: Native to southwestern United States and Mexico. Can be found along desert riverbanks.
When the Desert Willow blooms, all sorts of pollinators are attracted to its flower’s fragrant scent. Although dormant during the winter, the flowers bloom during the rest of the year and are highly visited by humming birds and bees. It’s a shrub that is easy to take care of and perfect for any pollinator garden.
Scientific Name: Iris douglasiana
Native Habitat: Coastal regions of southern Oregon and northern California
The Douglas Iris is a common flowering perennial herb that comes in multiple colors between purple and white. It is often used as ground cover in landscaping, and is also deer-resistant due to its bitter taste.
Scientific Name: Eschscholzia californica
Native Habitat: Includes California and extends to Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Sonora and northwest Baja California
The California Poppy is an iconic flower in the American West. It became California’s state flower in 1903, and its image can be found here in SoFA District on the California Theater’s light sign. California poppies bloom between February and September, and its flowers only open during the day time. At night or during cold weather, the flowers close up. California poppies are also drought-tolerant, self-seeding and easy to cultivate in any garden.
Scientific Name: Schinus molle
Native Habitat: Originally from Peru’s Andean deserts, but is now very common in California
The California Pepper is a fast-growing evergreen tree that is unrelated to the common pepper tree. The tree has many historical uses and was planted abundantly throughout California in the 19th century. Its red berries grow in clusters and can be seen year round.
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